Mehmet Muzaffer Islam, Cemrenur Uygun, Melike Delipoyraz, Merve Osoydan Satici, Servan Kurt, Enis Ademoglu, Serkan Emre Eroglu

Department of Emergency Medicine, Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey

Keywords: Hemorrhage, stroke, thrombectomy, thrombolysis


OBJECTIVES: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is significantly related to poor neurological outcomes and mortality. Although variables and models that predict HT have been reported in the literature, the need for a model with high diagnostic performance continues. We aimed to propose a model that can accurately predict symptomatic HT within 7 days of acute ischemic stroke (AIS).

METHODS: Patients with AIS admitted to the emergency department of a tertiary training and research hospital between November 07, 2021, and August 26, 2022, were included in this single center retrospective study. For the model, binary logistics with the forced entry method was used and the model was validated with 3 fold cross validation. After the final model was created, the optimal cutoff point was determined with Youden’s index. Another cut off point was determined at which the sensitivity was the highest.

RESULTS: The mean age of the 423 patients included in the study was 70 (60–81) and 53.7% (n = 227) of the patients were male. Symptomatic HT was present in 31 (7.3%) patients. Mechanical thrombectomy, atrial fibrillation, and diabetes mellitus were the independent predictors (P < 0.001, P = 0.003, P = 0.006, respectively). The mean area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristics of the model was 0.916 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.876–0.957). The sensitivity for the optimal cut off point was 90.3% (95% CI = 74.3%–97.9%) and specificity was 80.6% (95% CI = 76.4%–84.4%). For the second cutoff point where the sensitivity was 100%, the specificity was 60.5% (95% CI = 55.4%–65.3%).

CONCLUSION: The diagnostic performance of our model was satisfactory and it seems to be promising for symptomatic HT. External validation studies are required to implement our results into clinical use.

How to cite this article: Islam MM, Uygun C, Delipoyraz M, Satici MO, Kurt S, Ademoglu E, et al. Predictors of 7-day symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation in patients with acute ischemic stroke and proposal of a novel screening tool: A retrospective cohort study. Turk J Emerg Med 2023;23:176-83.

Ethics Committee Approval

This study was approved by the following review board: Ümraniye Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi Etik Kurulu. Date of approval: December 20, 2021, Approval serial: E‑54132726‑000‑27300.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: Mehmet Muzaffer İslam, Enis Ademoğlu, Methodology: Mehmet Muzaffer İslam, Cemrenur Uygun, Melike Delipoyraz, Validation: Mehmet Muzaffer İslam, Cemrenur Uygun, Merve Osoydan Satıcı, Şervan Kurt, Formal analysis and investigation: Mehmet Muzaffer İslam, Enis Ademoğlu, Cemrenur Uygun, Melike Delipoyraz, Merve Osoydan Satıcı, Şervan Kurt, Writing ‑ original draft: Mehmet Muzaffer İslam, Cemrenur Uygun, Melike Delipoyraz, Merve Osoydan Satıcı, Şervan Kurt, Enis Ademoğlu, Serkan Emre Eroğlu, Writing ‑ review and editing: Mehmet Muzaffer İslam, Enis Ademoğlu, Serkan Emre Eroğlu., Visualization: Mehmet Muzaffer İslam, Şervan Kurt, Melike Delipoyraz, Merve Osoydan Satıcı, Supervision: Mehmet Muzaffer İslam, Serkan Emre Eroğlu, Project administration: Serkan Emre Eroğlu, Software: None, Funding acquisition: None, Resources: None

Conflict of Interest

None Declared.

Financial Disclosure