Table.  Allowances for Specific Article Types

Article Type

Word Count1

Abstract Word Count



Figures and Tables

Original Research






Invited Review






Case Report/Series






Letter to the Editor






1 Including abstract, references, tables and figure legends

Original Articles

  • Studies of basic or clinical investigations in emergency medicine. These articles can include randomized controlled trials, observational (cohort, case-control or cross-sectional) studies, descriptive studies, diagnostic accuracy studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, non-randomized behavioral and public health intervention trials, experimental animal trials, or any other clinical or experimental studies.
  • Abstract: Maximum 300 words, structured with Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusion subheadings. 
  • Word count:  4000 words.
  • Number of Authors: Maximum 8.
  • References: Maximum 30 references.
  • Figures and/or Tables: Maximum 6.

Case Reports / Case Series: 

  • Brief descriptions of clinical cases or the complications that are seldom encountered in emergency medicine practice and have an educational value. Consideration will be given to articles presenting clinical conditions, clinical manifestations or complications previously undocumented in the existing literature and unreported side of adverse effects of the known treatment regimens or scientific findings that may trigger further research on the topic.
  • Case reports should be compatible with The CARE Guidelines: Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline which can be found on the Resources for Authors Page.
  • Abstract: 250 words, unstructured.
  • Word count:  2000 words.
  • Number of Authors: Maximum 5.
  • References: Maximum 15 references.
  • Figures and/or Tables: Maximum 3.

Letter to the Editor: 

  • Opinions, comments and suggestions made concerning articles published in Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine or other journals.
  • Abstract: None allowed.
  • Word count:  1000 words.
  • Number of Authors: Maximum 2.
  • References: Maximum 5 references.
  • Figures and/or Tables: None allowed.

Invited Review Articles: 

  • Comprehensive articles reviewing national and international literature related to current emergency medicine practice. Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine publishes only invited review articles. Other authors should contact the editor prior to submission of review articles.
  • Abstract: 300 words, unstructured. Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesising data. These methods should also be summarised in the abstract.
  • Word count:  4000 words.
  • Number of Authors: Maximum 5.
  • References: Maximum 30 references.
  • Figures and/or Tables: Maximum 6

You can submit your manuscripts to the Turk J Emerg Med with only 3 files:

  • First Pages File (.doc or .docx) 
    • You can Download template file and use it for submission. 
    • This is a combined file and SHOULD INCLUDE a Cover Letter and Title Page. See How to prepare Cover Letter and Title Page? below.
  • Article File (.doc or .docx)
    • You can Download template file and use it for submission. 
    • This document should be fully blinded for any author, hospital, department, country information (if not the subject of the study).
    • This is a combined file and SHOULD INCLUDE: The Title, Abstract, Keywords, Key messages, Blinded Manuscript, References, Tables and Figure Legends.
    • This file SHOULD NOT INCLUDE: Cover Letter, Title Page, Funding, Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgement, Author Contributions Statement, Copyright, and Figures. 
    • Please check the section titled How to prepare the Article File? below.
  • Copyright Transfer Form (.PDF or Image File - .jpeg .jpg .png): Please download and use this Copyright Form. It should be signed by all authors, scanned and uploaded.
  • Patient Consent Form (.PDF or Image File - .jpeg .jpg .png): A valid patient consent form  should be e-mailed to editor@trjemergmed.com for all accepted case reports for publication. We accept all kinds of consent forms (including forms with the logo of other journals, any hospital or affiliation). Forms in languages other than English should be uploaded with their official translations.

For all details please visit our websites 


Submitting a Manuscript for The First Time

Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine accepts manuscript via an online submission system. Users should visit journal's web site and create an account before submitting their manuscripts. Papers that do not comply with the format of the Journal will be returned to the author for correction without further review. Therefore, to avoid loss of time and work, authors must carefully review the submission rules.

All the following information that you will be providing should be the same as the First Pages and Article Files.

Step 1: Checklist: Please answer this list of questions.

Step 2: Article Details

  • Article Type
    • Select Case Report/Series, Original Article or Letter to the Editor.
    • We do not accept any Reviews without invitation. Please contact editor@trjemergmed.com before proceeding further.
    • Editorials are for editors only. 
    • Letters to the Editor will not be published in an issue. Will only be included in the website along the referred article. 
  • Article Title: Generally, nondeclarative, not a question, begins with main concept if possible, and without causal language, eg, "effect of," unless the study is an RCT. The full title in should be in sentence case. The title of the letter to the editor should start as “Correspondence”.
  • Abstract: 
    • Should not exceed maximum allowed word counts for that article type (see Table above).
  • Keywords
  • Registered with clinical trial registry? If so, select YES and provide the registration number.
  • First Page File: see the section titled How to prepare the First Pages File? below.
  • Article File: see the section titled How to prepare the Article File? below.
  • Number of Multimedia Files: Select the number of Figures or Videos you will upload in the next page. 

Step 2: Multimedia Files

  • All the files uploaded at this step will be visible to reviewers.
  • Please check the Digital Artwork Guideline for the preparation of Images https://www.journalonweb.com/downloads/digital_artwork_guidelines.pdf
  • You may select following filetypes:
    • Images:Figures, Photographs, Line drawings
    • Videos
    • Additional supporting material: Any file you will provide here will be visible to the reviewers. Tables, Datasets, Additional documents, Infographics, 3D Image files all can be uploaded from this radio button. 
  • Click Choose File to locate and select the file.Write down the Figure Legend of the Image, Caption of the Video or description of the supporting material.Select the type (Figure, Table, Video, Other), number (1-50) and subletter (a-z) of the uploaded multimedia file. Click Upload Object button at the end of the page.Uploaded multimedia file will be added to the list above the page.
    • Author details, institution, city or country name. 
    • Cover Letter. It should be included in the First Page File, above.
    • Title Page, Funding, Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgement, Author Contributions. They should be included in the First Page File, above.
    • Copyright Transfer and Patient Consent Forms. They will be submitted separately later in the Upload Forms section

Step 3: Copyright Form: Click Choose File to locate and select the file. The name of the file will be shown next to the button. Then, click Upload Copyright Form button.

Step 4: Other Forms: 

  • All the files uploaded at this step WILL NOT BE VISIBLE TO REVIEWERS.
  • You may upload other forms such as Ethical Approval Form (if requested). 

Step 5: Add Author Details

  • Write the First Name (start with a capital letter), Middle Name (if present, start with a capital letter) and Last Name (all capital letter). Select a Suffix, if necessary.
  • Check the box if the author is the corresponding author
  • Author details, this should provide the complete affiliation details exactly as they are provided in the Title Page of the First Pages File. 
    • Academic degree (up to 2 per author: MD, DO, PhD, etc), 
    • Affiliation (in English, in the order of Department or Division, Faculty, Institution or University, City, State, Country).
    • Do NOT include honorary affiliations such as fellow status in an organization (FEMAT, FACEP etc), titles or positions (Professorship or Consulting positions, etc).
    • Provide both (past) and (present) affiliations if the current one is different from the one the study was performed. 
  • ORCID: Articles with missing ORCIDs for any of the authors will not be published. You can click the ORCID title to open a new browser tab for the ORCID website. 
  • Click ADD below to add the Author to the list above.
  • You can start MODIFYING the information of an author by clicking the EDIT button at the end of the row of his/her record. Then, change as you wish, and click MODIFY to save changes. 

Step 6: Suggest Reviewers: You may give details for a reviewer or you may skip this step.

Step 7: Preview your Submission

Submitting a Revision

When you log in to the system, on the Home page you will see the status of your manuscripts. 

  • Incomplete Submission: Submissions that you have started but did not send.
  • Technical Modification: Your submission is not fully compatible with this submission guidelines. Click here to Re-Upload link will take you to the status page of this manuscript. Click here to view Remarks link will open the technical comments that you need to follow before modifying your submission. Check the link Click here to proceed to Modification / Addition of files to upload revised files. 
  • Revision: This is the default mode for minor and major revision requests. Click Here to Revise link will take you to the status page of this manuscript. Click here to view Remarks link will open the reviewer comments that you need to answerfor revision. Check the link Click here to revise this manuscript to upload revised files. Before submitting a revision Download This Comment Template and include all your Comments for Reviewers in this file one by one.

Step 1: Checklist

Step 2: Article Details: Check and change the article details you provided before. You can change Article Type, Title, Abstract and Number of multimedia files to upload. You can also add clinical trial registration number, if you have one

Step 3: First Page File: You can see and download the Previous First Page file from “Current First Page File” section.You can upload the Revised First Page file as follows: Click Choose File button, Locate and selectthe Revised First Page file in file browser and then Click Uploadbutton at the end of the page

Step 4: Multimedia Files: Review the multimedia files you have provided in the previous submission. Click Select to Edit / Remove radio button to the end of each row to edit the details of the file. You may Upload Object, Update Object Information or Delete the Object. You will not be allowed to move further before you satisfy the number of multimedia files that you provided in Step 2.

Step 4: Forms

  • Copyright Transfer Form. All files for each article type can be changed or edited during revisions, except Copyright Transfer Form. If you have to change the file, you should upload another one.
  • Ethical Approval Form (if requested)
  • DO NOT Upload Figures, Tables, First Page or Article Files.
  • Select Other radio button and write the description of the form in the textbox.You can upload the Form file as follows: Click Choose Filebutton, Locate and select the Form file in file browser and then Click Upload button at the end of the page

Step 5: Author Information: This page is exactly the same as the first submission

Step 6: Article File

  • You can see and download the Previous Article File from Current Article File section.
  • Revised Article File: This is the blinded manuscript file with The Title, Abstract, Manuscript, References, Tables, and Figure Legends. You can upload the Revised Article File as follows: Click Choose File button, Locate and select the file in file browser and Click OK. Check the name of the file is correct.
  • Comments File: This file includes your answers to reviewers’ comments. Before submitting a revision Download This Comment Templateand include all your Comments for Reviewers in this file one by one.You can upload the Comments File as follows: Click Choose Filebutton, Locate and select the file in file browser and Click OK. Check the name of the file is correct.
  • Remarks Textbox: This textbox includes your comments directed to the Editors-in-Chief only. Those remarks will not be visible by the Reviewers. 

Last Step: Click FINISH.


General Rules

All files should be typed:

  • in a Microsoft Word™ file, 
  • in Times New Roman, with the font size of 12 pt,
  • single-column format, 
  • double-spaced (Home > Line and paragraph spacing > 2.0)
  • with 2.5 cm margins on each side (Layout > Margins > Normal), 
  • text should be justified on left margins of the page
  • should include page numbers at the right bottom
  • should include continuous line numbers on the left


Manuscripts should be written in English. Contributors who are not native English speakers are strongly advised to ensure that a colleague fluent in the English language or a professional language editor has reviewed their manuscript. Concise English without jargon should be used. Repetitive use of long sentences and passive voice should be avoided. It is strongly recommended that the text be run through computer spelling and grammar programs. Either British or American spelling is acceptable but must be consistent throughout. 

Symbols, Units of Measure, Abbreviations

Symbols: If symbols such as ×, μ, η, or ν are used, they should be added using the Symbols menu of Word. Degree symbols (°) must be used from the Symbol menu, not superscripted letter o or number 0. Multiplication symbols must be used (×), not the letter x. Spaces must be inserted between numbers and units (e.g., 3 kg) and between numbers and mathematical symbols (+, –, ×, =, <, >), but not between numbers and percent symbols (e.g., 45%). 

Units: Measurements should be reported using the metric system according to the International System of Units (SI). Laboratory values should be presented with normal limits.

Abbreviations: We discourage the use of any but the most necessary of abbreviations. They may be a convenience for an author but are generally an impediment to easy comprehension for the reader. All abbreviations in the text must be defined the first time they are used (both in the abstract and the main text), and the abbreviations should be displayed in parentheses after the definition. Authors should avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract and limit their use in the main text.

Drugs, Products, Hardware and Software

Generic names for drugs should be used. Doses and routes for the drugs should be stated. When a drug, product, hardware, or software mentioned within the main text product information, including the name of the product, producer of the product, city of the company and the country of the company should be provided in parenthesis in the following format: "Discovery St PET/CT scanner (General Electric, Milwaukee, WI, USA)". 


Authorship credit should be based only on 

  1. substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 
  2. drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 
  3. final approval of the version to be published. 

Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met. Any contributor acted in condition 1 should be given chance to contribute to conditions 2 and 3. Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship.

Copyright Transfer Form

  • Complete the form and ensure all authors have read and signed the form. 
  • Then, scan the form and upload in the Forms sections during submission. 
  • This form SHOULD NOT BE UPLOADED with the First Pages File, with Multimedia Files or with Other Forms. 

First Pages File

This is a combined file of the Cover Letter and Title Page.

Cover Letter

What is the main strength of your article? The title and type of the article, prior publication, support, conflicts of interest, and permissionsmayalso be provided. 

Title Pages

  • Title:Generally, nondeclarative, not a question, begins with main concept if possible, and without causal language, eg, "effect of," unless the study is an RCT. The title page should contain the full title in sentence case. The title of the letter to the editor should start as “Correspondence”.
  • Running Title: a short title of no more than 50 characters.
  • Type of Article (Case Report, Case Series, Original Article, Meta-Analysis, Invited Review) 
  • Authors and Affiliations (past and present)
    • Full names (last names fully capitalized), Academic degrees (up to 2 per author: MD, DO, PhD, etc), Affiliations (in English, in the order of Department or Division, Faculty, Institution or University, City, State, Country) in order in separate lines, E-mail address
    • State the corresponding author by writing (Corresponding Author) in the same line 
    • Do NOT include honorary affiliations such as fellow status in an organization (FEMAT, FACEP etc), titles or positions (Professorship or Consulting positions, etc).
  • Corresponding Author and Address: Full Name, contact information including address, phone, e-mail address and Twitter Handle (so we can use it to disseminate your article if accepted).
  • Total number of pages.
  • Word counts: for abstract and the text (including references, excluding tables and figure legends
  • Source(s) of Support and Funding: Acknowledge all organizations that funded your research and provided grant numbers where appropriate. Names of funding organizations should be written in full. If your manuscript is accepted for publication, this information will be moved to the main document after the peer review process is completed.
  • Conflict of Interest statement:
    • Please disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) your work. 
    • If no such conflict of interest exists; please state 'The authors declare no conflict of interest. 
  • Author contributions statement: Authors should be mentioned with their initials. Please state here which authors:
  1. conceived and designed the experiments; 
  2. performed the experiments; 
  3. analyzed and interpreted the data; 
  4. contributed reagents, materials, analysis tools or data; 
  5. wrote the paper. 

This list may be revised according to the research and article type. This statement SHOULD BE included in the TITLE PAGE. You are NOT allowed to include it in the blinded manuscript files.

  • Acknowledgement(s): If your manuscript is accepted for publication, this section will be published as you provided between conclusion and references sections. Verify and confirm that everyone who contributed to this manuscript is either listed as an author or acknowledged as a contributor in the acknowledgement section, and that the title page details any professional writing assistance or others paid to provide manuscript support.This statement SHOULD BE included in the TITLE PAGE. You are NOT allowed to include it in the blinded manuscript files.
  • Presentation(s) or Awards at a meeting: provide the name of the organization, place and the date.

Article File

The uploaded single Article File should include all the following sections:

  • Title, Abstract, Keywords, 
  • Blinded Main Text
  • References
  • Tables
  • Figure Captions or Legends (not Figures).


  • Case Reports / Series: Maximum 250 words, unstructured.
  • Original articles: Maximum300 words structured with Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusion subheadings. 
  • Invited Review Articles: Maximum 300 words, unstructured.
  • Letter to the Editor: No abstracts are needed.


At least 3 keywords from MESH Database.

How to prepare the Main Text?

You can download first page and article page template files case reports/series, original articles and invited reviews from https://turkjemergmed.com/pages/forms-templates-and-examples. Letter to the editor has no specific instructions. 

Case Reports/Series 

  • The order of headings are as follows:Introduction, Case Presentation, Discussion, References. 
  • You can download appropriate template files from https://turkjemergmed.com/pages/forms-templates-and-examples.
  • Patient Consent Statement (For Case Reports and Series, should be included in the case presentation): As Per the ICMJE guidelines a journal that archives the consent will be aware of patient identity, and we believe that patient confidentiality is better guarded by having the author archive the consent and instead of providing the consent form that identifies the patient to both publisher and the journal. The author should provide the journal with a written statement that attests that they have received and archived written patient consent. 

Original Articles

  • The order of headings in the manuscript file of an original research article is as follows: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Limitations, Conclusion, References. 
  • You can download appropriate template files from https://turkjemergmed.com/pages/forms-templates-and-examples.
  • Ethical Board or Institutional Review Board Approval Statement (For All Original Articles, should be included in the Methods section): As per ICMJE guidelines authors should provide the journal with a written statement that they have ethical board (or similar governing body) approval, should provide the name, number and date of the approved file and be prepared to send a copy to the Journal if required. 


  • A three-paragraph structure should be used. Background information on study subject (1st paragraph), context and the implications of the study (2nd paragraph) and the hypotheses and the goals of the study (3rd paragraph). 
  • Background: Describe the circumstances or historical context that set the stage and led you to investigate the issue. 
  • Context: Describe why your investigation is consequential. What are its potential implications? How does it relate to issues raised in the first paragraph? Why is this specific investigation the next logical step? 
  • Hypothesis and Goals of the study: Clearly state the specific research objective or hypothesis and your primary outcome measure.


The methods section is one of the most important sections in original research articles, and should contain sufficient detail for the following parts:

  • The investigation method, or the design of the study, 
  • Study population, sample, selection of the sample, and sample size estimation, 
  • Details of measurements and evaluations (e.g.: make and model of biochemical test devices and kits) should all be clearly stated. 
  • Statistical analyses performed, 
  • Commercial statistical programs used.

The approval or exemption from approval by the ethics committee, institutional review board or an oversight committee should be clearly specified in the Methods section for both prospective and retrospective studies.You may be asked to verify approval or exemption by an institutional review or ethics board. Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine will be unable to further consider manuscripts without approval or formal exemption. (The only exceptions are for analyses of third-party anonymized databases which already have pre-existing IRB approval or exemption.)

Compliance with manuscript writing guidelines: You will be asked to verify compliance with guidelines for each corresponding study design (Check Table Below). You should add a statement clarifying which guideline you used while drafting the document. For further information on the reporting guidelines for health research, authors are suggested to refer to the EQUATOR network website (http://www.equator-network.org/)


Type of Study


Randomized controlled studies

CONSORT (http://www.consort-statement.org/home/) CONSORT translations (www.consort-statement.org/consort-statement/translations/)
Standard protocol items for randomized trials,
SPRIT (http://www.spirit-statement.org/)

Observational research: cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies

STROBE (www.strobe-statement.org/)

Diagnostic accuracy studies

STARD (www.stard-statement.org/)

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses

PRISMA (www.prisma-statement.org/)

Experimental animal studies

ARRIVE (www.nc3rs.org.uk/arrive/)

The Methods section should be organized with logical and sequential subheadings. The optimal subheading choices will vary with the analysis, but the following examples applicable to most clinical research:

  • Study design and setting: Describe the study design using standard terms, and describe the study setting in a fashion that conveys characteristics that could affect the external validity (generalizability) of the findings.
  • Selection of Participants: Describe how participants were identified, screened, and enrolled. Remember to consider all participants including patients, providers, and outcome assessors, as appropriate. There should be a list of the inclusion and exclusion criterion with descriptions. In survey studies, information concerning who implemented the survey and how it was performed should be specified.
  • Sample size estimation: Describe how you performed the sample size estimation, which tests, and assumptions were used, and which sample size estimation software was used (if relevant).
  • Interventions: Describe any interventions in sufficient detail to permit replication. Describe any blinding of subjects, providers, outcome assessors, or data analysts. Describe methods for determining whether the intervention was actually received.
  • Methods and Measurements: Discuss how and when measurements were made. Discuss the precision and reliability of the measurements. How were spurious or missing measurements handled? Discuss who collected the data and how they collected it. Discuss how data were entered, checked, and processed.
  • Outcomes: Describe the study's primary and secondary outcome measures, and if needed explain why they were chosen to address the study objective. When possible, use outcomes that have been previously validated, or provide evidence of your own efforts to validate the measure. Emphasize patient-centered outcomes (eg, pain, days off from work, death) over intermediate outcomes (eg, change in forced expiratory volume, change in asthma score).
  • Data (or Statistical) Analysis: Detail the primary analysis and specify any software that was used, including the name of the software and the company that produces it. Provide references for any non-routine analytic methods. If appropriate, detail sensitivity analyses that explore how results change when assumptions about the investigation are modified.


  • The demographic properties of the study population should be given. A table summarizing demographics will be preferred.
  • The main and secondary results of the hypothesis testing must be provided.
  • Commenting on the results and discussing the literature findings should be avoided.
  • Present as much data as possible at the level of the unit of analysis, graphically if possible. Emphasize the magnitude of findings over test statistics, ideally using size of effect and associated confidence intervals for each outcome. 


The main and secondary results of the study must be briefly presented and compared with similar findings in the literature. Providing intensive background information should be avoided. Consider only those published articles directly relevant to interpreting your results and placing them in context. Do not stress statistical significance over clinical importance. Avoid extrapolation to populations or conditions that you have not explicitly studied in your investigation. Avoid claims about cost or economic benefit unless a formal cost-effectiveness analysis was presented in the Methods and Results sections. Do not suggest "more research is needed" without stating what the specific next step is. Optionally, you may include a paragraph "In retrospect, . . ." to candidly discuss what you would do differently if given the opportunity to repeat the study, so others can learn from your experience.


The limitations of the study should be mentioned in a separate paragraph subtitled as the "Limitations" in the end of the discussion. Explicitly discuss the limitations of your study, including threats to the internal and external validity of your results. When possible, examine the magnitude and direction of each bias and how it might affect the interpretation of results.


A clear conclusion should be made in the light of the results of the study. The potential effects of the results of the study on the current clinical applications should be stated in a single sentence. Inferences that are not supported by the study results should be avoided.

Acknowledgement(s), Disclaimer, Funding, Author contribution statement, Conflict of interest statement

All acknowledgements, disclaimers, funding, author contributions and conflicts of interests should be present in the TITLE PAGE section of the FIRST PAGES document and in the electronic submission system. We DO NOT ALLOW any of this information in the ARTICLE FILE for blinding purposes.

How to prepare References?

General guide for the number of References for each article type:

Article Type


Original Research


Invited Review


Case Report/Series




  • References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text.
  • Do not include unnecessary bibliographic elements such as issue number, month of publication, etc. 
  • Include names of three authors followed by et al if there are more than three authors.
  • References should be cited in the text by numbers in SUPERSCRIPT
  • Avoid referencing abstracts or citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source. 
  • Use sentence case for all titles (capitalize only the first word of the title). 
  • Abbreviate and italicize names of journals according to the listing in the National Library of Medicine database.

Examples of Referencing are as follows:

  • Article: Raftery KA, Smith-Coggins R, Chen AHM. Gender-associated differences in emergency department pain management. Ann Emerg Med. 1995;26:414-21.
  • Book: Callaham ML. Current Practice of Emergency Medicine. 2nd ed. St. Luis, MO:Mosby;1991.
  • Book Chapter: Mengert TJ, Eisenberg MS. Prehospital and emergency medicine thrombolytic therapy. In: Tintinalli JE, Ruiz E, Krome RL, eds. Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 4th ed. New York, NY:McGraw-Hill;1996:337-343.
  • Courses and Lectures (unpublished): Sokolove PE, Needlesticks and high-risk exposure. Course lecture presented at: American College of Emergency Physicians, Scientific Assembly, October 12, 1998, San Diego, CA.
  • Internet: Fingland MJ. ACEP opposes the House GOP managed care bill. American College of Emergency Physicians. Web site. Available at: http://www.acep.org/press/pi980724.htm. Accessed August 26,1999.

You can find the CSL style of Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine in the following reference manager software: Zotero, Mendeley Desktop and Papers.

You can download the .ens file for Endnote from this link.

How to prepare Tables?

General guide for the number of Tables and Figures for each article type:

Article Type

Figures and Tables

Original Research


Invited Review


Case Report/Series




Tables should be included in the ARTICLE FILE after references section. As an alternative, can be uploaded as a multimedia file. 

  • Data presented in the tables should not be included in its entirety in the text. 
  • Tables must be numbered consecutively. 
  • Each table should be placed in a new page.
  • Each table must be referred to in the text. 
  • Number and Title of each Table should be written at the top of each page before the Table. 
  • Arrange tables so that the primary comparisons of interest are horizontal, left-to-right (the standard reading order). 
  • Provide the N for each column or row and marginal totals where appropriate.

How to prepare Figure Captions and Legends

Figure Legends should appear on a separate page after the References and Tables. 

  • All tables and figures must have a caption and/or legend and be numbered (e.g., Table 1, Figure 2), unless there is only one table or figure, in which case it should be labelled “Table” or “Figure” with no numbering. 
  • No legends or titles should be included in the Figures. Figure captions and legends should appear on a separate page after the References section. Figure Captions must be written in sentence case at this part of the manuscript (e.g., Macroscopic appearance of the samples.)

How to prepare Figures?

Figures are uploaded in the Multimedia Files section.

Technical Specifications and File Types

  • All illustrations (photographs, drawings, graphs, charts etc.), not including tables, must be labelled “Figure”. The information contained in the figure/image should not be repeated in its entirety, however reference to the figure/image must be referred in the text. 
  • No legends or titles should be included in the Figures. 
  • Pictures should be saved in JPEG, EPS or TIFF format. Figures are easiest for us to process if submitted in TIFF or EPS format. 
  • Please submit photographs and figures with a resolution of at least 300 dots per inch. 
  • Scanned or photocopied graphs and diagrams are not accepted.
  • Figures that are charts, diagrams, or drawings must be submitted in a modifiable format, i.e. our graphics personnel should be able to modify them. Therefore, if the program with which the figure is drawn has a “save as” option, it must be saved as *.ai or *.pdf. If the “save as” option does not include these extensions, the figure must be copied and pasted into a blank Microsoft Word document as an editable object. It must not be pasted as an image file (tiff, jpeg, or eps)

Content requirements

  • We prefer graphics that show the distribution of data (eg, scatter plots, 1-way plots, box plots) to those showing summaries of data (eg, pie charts, bar graphs of means). Pie charts generally should not be used for research results.
  • If the data collected are paired (eg, pre and post, or 2 different measures on the same subject), then choose a graphical format that conveys the inherent pairing of the data. If data are paired, they should be displayed as such
  • Avoid background gridlines and other formatting that do not convey information (eg, superfluous use of 3-D formatting, background shadings). Graphs should not be 3-D unless the data are. 
  • Graphs and diagrams must be drawn with a line weight between 0.5 and 1 point.
  • Omit internal horizontal and vertical rules. 
  • If measurements are discrete, display as discrete points rather than a continuous line.
  • 95% CIs should be provided whenever appropriate (rather than SE)
  • For graphs, axes should begin at zero; if they do not, a break should be shown in the axis
  • Odds ratios should be displayed on a logarithmic scale
  • Survival curves should include number at risk below x axis

Guidelines for Specific Research Study Designs

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs)

RCTs must be reported in accordance with the CONSORT statement, summarized as follows:

  1. Title includes the phrase "randomized controlled trial"
  2. Clear depiction of the three elements of randomization: sequence generation, allocation, and concealment
  3. Clear description of which outcome assessments were and were not blinded
  4. A figure summarizing participant flow through the trial
  5. Protocol deviations described, and whether analysis is intention to treat
  6. Outcomes each reported with size of effect and associated confidence intervals.

Chart reviews

Least methodological elements that Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine seek in retrospective research are as follows:

  1. Trained and monitored abstractors use explicit protocols, precisely defined variables, and standardized abstraction instruments.
  2. Authors clearly describe how missing, conflicting, and/or ambiguous chart elements were coded.
  3. Interrater agreement assessed by having a sample of charts reviewed independently by two or more abstractors.
  4. When possible, abstractors are blinded to the study hypothesis and/or study group assignment, particularly for chart elements that are not wholly objective.

Observational studies

We prefer observational studies to be compliant with the latest STROBE guidelines.

Diagnostic accuracy studies

We prefer studies on diagnostic tests to be compliant with the latest STARD guidelines.

Studies on Clinical Decision Rules

We prefer clinical decision rules performed and reported in compliance with Green: Methodologic standards for interpreting clinical decision rules in emergency medicine: 2014 update.


Meta-analyses of therapeutic trials should be compliant with the PRISM-P 2015 guidelines, while meta-analyses of observational studies should be compliant with the MOOSE guidelines.