The end-of-life care in the emergency department setting with respect to the Middle East countries and comparison with the Western countries
Department of Emergency Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
Keywords: Emergency medicine, end-of-life care, intensive care, palliative care
Patients who are affected with severe chronic illness or in need for end-of-life care ((EOLC), they are mainly treated in the emergency departments (EDs) to provide the utmost amount of care for their condition. The major aspects which impact the accessibility of care in the ED include the clinical, social, and economic factors in different regions of countries. In recent years as the EOLC has been provided, it has been observed that patients experiencing EOL and dealing with a dying process do not always achieve the experience what resonates with a good death. The main cause of concern for these patients is the problem that in the ED they do not have access to palliative care options, mainly the ones who are suffering from noncancer ailments. These patients are provided palliative care at a very later stage in the ED when they could have been provided with palliative management at home in an earlier manner. EOLC plays a very critical role in ensuring that terminally ill patients are given a proper and adequate amount of care. The present article aims to highlight the EOLC in the ED in the Middle-Eastern regions. We aim to present a broader view that has impacted the current situation of EOLC in the Middle East regions and demonstrate a description of the EOLC in an ED setting between the Middle Eastern regions and western culture focusing on the following five important factors: Situation acceptance in the ED, cultural compatibility of bioethics, treatment perspective, skills among clinical providers and physician's attitude. In this literature review, we present the evidence associated with the EOLC in the ED setting with respect to the Middle East countries and bring out their differences in the religious, clinical, social, ethical, and economic aspects in comparison with the Western countries. We also tried to determine the differences between the two regions in terms of the principle of explaining the fatal diagnosis or poor prognosis, family relations, and do-not-resuscitate decision. This comparative analysis will help to bring out the gaps in the quality of care in the ED in the Middle East countries and promote the development of well-assessed policies and strategies to improve EOLC. The findings of this study and the future interventions that can be implemented to improve the structure and design of the EOLC that will act as a guiding force to execute evidence-based quality improvement program.
AAQ, JM, AEME; Conceptualization – Data curation – Formal analysis –Investigation – Methodology.
AAQ, JH, AKA, ST; Software – Supervision – Validation – Visualization – Writing – o r i g i n a l draft – Writing – review and editing.
We verify and confirm that everyone who contributed to this manuscript is either listed as an author or acknowledged as a contributor in the acknowledgment section and that the title page details any professional writing assistance or others paid to provide manuscript support.