Factors affecting the accuracy of nurse triage in tertiary care emergency departments
Songül Biskin Cetin1(0000‐0003‐1174‐9124), Oktay Eray2(0000‐0002‐1643‐6007), Fatma Cebeci3*(0000‐0002‐5504‐3564), Mustafa Coskun4(0000‐0002‐2759‐8001), Meral Gozkaya5(0000‐0002‐5892‐5327)
1Department of Quality Improvement, Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
3Faculty of Nursing, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey
4Medical informatics Unit, Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
5Department of Emergency Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
Keywords: Duration, emergency nurse, triage decision, triage
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy and duration of triage is vital in emergency departments. However, patient density, diversity of cases, and time pressure make triage difficult. Triage performed properly and at the right time prevents patients from experiencing any untoward incidents that may occur because of waiting. Therefore, the study aimed to share the data obtained from the Hospital Information Management System (HIMS) regarding the accuracy and duration of nurse triage in an adult emergency department.
METHODS: This descriptive and cross-sectional study evaluated the accuracy and duration of triage decisions made by nurses for patients admitted to an adult emergency department between June 15 and July 15, 2019. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software version 23.00.
RESULTS: The study included the data of 7705 adult patients. The accuracy rate of nurse triage was 59.3% (n = 4566), and the average duration of triage was 1.52 ± 2.10 min. It was observed that the average duration of accurate triage decisions was longer in patients with triage category 3. A statistically significant relationship was determined between the accuracy of nurse triage and the duration of triage, years of seniority of the nurse, and shifts (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The accuracy and duration of nurse triage in the hospital where the study was conducted can be evaluated via the HIMS. In order to increase the accuracy of nurse triage in the emergency department, it is necessary to employ experienced and trained nurses, develop computer-based support systems, and increase the number of nurses working in shifts providing care to a large number of patients.
How to cite this article: Cetin SB, Eray O, Cebeci F, Coskun M, Gozkaya M. Factors affecting the accuracy of nurse triage in tertiary care emergency departments. Turk J Emerg Med 2020;20:163-7.
Ethical approval was granted by the Akdeniz University Faculty of Medicine Ethics Committee for Non-Interventional Clinical Research (04.03.2020/225).
The data were obtained from the HIMS. The Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information (the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-HIPAA) were followed.
SB, OE, and FC were responsible for the study conception and design. OE, MC, and MG accessed data. SB and FC performed the data analysis. SB, OE, and FC were responsible for the drafting of the manuscript. OE and FC supervised the study.