Demographic Properties of Civilians with Blast Injuries in Southeastern Anatolia Region
Omer Kacmaz1, Recep Dursun1, Hasan Mansur Durgun1, Mehmet Akdag2, Murat Orak1, Mehmet Ustundag1, Cahfer Gulloglu1
1Dicle University Medical Faculty, Emergency Medicine Department, Diyarbakir, Turkey
2Dicle University Medical Faculty, Ear Nose And Throat Department, Diyarbakir, Turkey
Keywords: Amputation; blast injury; explosives
The present study conducted demographic analysis of blast injuries, with the authors aiming to guide the determination of groups and regions at risk, helping hospitals take preventive measures and providing information for accurate triage, rapid intervention, multidisciplinary approach, and lowering workforce losses.
This study retrospectively examined the demographic properties of civilians who presented to the Emergency Department of Dicle University after being injured in explosions of various origins between January 2005 and September 2013 in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey.
Of the study population, 85.50% were male and 14.50% were female. The explosive responsible for injury was a mine in 20.51% of the cases, a bomb in 29.06%, a squib in 14.53%, dynamite in 7.69%, and some other explosive in the remaining 28.31%. Of those injured, 35.90% were students, 21.36% were farmers, 11.10% were shepherds or drivers, and 31.62% were from other occupational groups.
In conclusion, injuries resulting from explosions are associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates, making it necessary to increase the number of trauma centers and emergency action teams in that region, as well as demining the region and educating the native population about explosives.