Retrospective evaluation of eye injury victims presented to emergency department
Mehmet ÜSTÜNDAĞ, Murat ORAK, Cahfer GÜLOğLU, Mustafa Burak Sayhan, Ayhan Özhasenekler
Dicle Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Acil Tıp Anabilim Dalı, Diyarbakır
Objectives: In this study we purpose that to research demographic characteristics and trauma origins of emergency department patients with eye injury.
Materials and Methods: We scanned emergency patients with eye injury data, retrospectively between June 2005 and February 2007. We confirm patients’ age, sex (gender), injury localizations and time, objects which cause injury, affected eye and tissues, examination findings, treatment, hospitalization period and conclusions with a form than statistical analyses have been done.
Results: We accepted 180 patients with eye injury between June 2005 and February 2007. In this study 126 (70%) patients were males and 54 (30%) were females. Age average was 19.29±17.44 (2-79). The number of patients under age of 15 was 101 (56.1%). Eye injury events happened in house rate was 39.4% (n=71), in business office 26.1% (n=47) and other places (school, park, street) 34.5% (n=62). Affected eyes ratios were 46.1% right eye (n=83), 46.1% left eye (n=83), 7.8% both of two eyes (n=14). Explosive material (sparkler, cracker) and toy guns (shoot plastic bead) were injury reasons for 35 (19.4%) patients. For the diagnosis of injuries, conjunctivae hyperemia was the most common with the ratio of 44.4% (n=142) and corneal perforation follows it with the ratio of 22.2% (n=71). Entire loss of sight developed in 4 (2.2%) patients, partial loss of sight developed in 45 (25%) patients and 131 patients (72.8%) didn’t loss their sights.
Conclusion: Eye injuries were seen frequently in males than females and children particularly male children which play toy guns that shoot plastic bead or explosive material (sparkler, cracker) than adults. Injuries which happened in house for children was remarkably.