Analysis of ectopic pregnancies admitted to emergency department
Yeliz Simsek, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay
Department of Emergency Medicine, Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey
Keywords: Emergency; Ectopic pregnancy; Ultrasonography
Objectives: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) may cause significant morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the demographic characteristics, presence of risk factors and diagnostic parameters of the patient with EP and predicting parameters for ruptured EP.
Methods: Patients who presented to emergency department (ED) and diagnosed as EP within one year were included to the study. The demographic characteristics, β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) levels, transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUSG) findings, treatment protocols, pathology reports and hemoglobin levels at the time of admission to ED were obtained from patient files and hospital automation system and statistical analysis was performed.
Results: Total 35 patients were included to the study. The mean age of the patients was 30 ± 5.6 years. Among the patients, 46% had a history of caesarean section (C-section). The complaints of the patients at presentation, their age, gestational week and the β-HCG levels were found to be inefficient in predicting ruptured EPs. TVUSG was found statistically significant in terms of demonstrating ruptures in EP. The ratio of salpingectomies was observed to be higher in the surgical treatment of ruptured EPs.
Conclusions: C-section was most frequently seen with EP. There is no absolute diagnostic parameter for predicting ruptured EPs and TVUSG may be a clue for diagnosis. The final diagnosis is made through surgery.